Bernard Bate, PhD University of Chicago, 2000, is a Visiting Scholar at the MacMillan Center. He focuses on Tamil South Asia, language, politics, gender and the historical ethnography of language. His first book, Tamil Oratory and the Dravidian Aesthetic(Columbia University Press, 2009), examines political and literary oratory in the contexts of its production in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Two book-length projects on the relationship between language, the political, and the large-scale structure and imaginings of social order are currently underway. The first project, Speaking the Public Sphere: Protestant Textuality and the Tamil Modern, outlines a genealogy of Tamil oratory, from the Protestant sermon to the political oration. A second book project, called Beyond Rhetoric: The Anthropology of Oratory and Political Practice, directs linguistic anthropological concerns towards a general scholarly audience, and will offer new ways of looking at the oratorical practices that have become the communicative groundwork of modern politics in societies across the planet.